Skip Navigation

Biology Department

The discipline of biology allows us to understand ourselves and the world around us. This powerful science is discovering the basic mysteries of life and has given us the practical tools to treat diseases, to increase the amount of food that we produce, and to preserve our natural ecosystems. An education in biology offers an excellent preparation for careers in medicine or health care, biological research, ecology, biotechnology, forensic science, as well as many other possibilities. The Department of Biology occupies state-of-the-art laboratories in the O. Wayne Rollins Research Center. Faculty specializations include cell and developmental biology, genetics and molecular biology, ecology and evolutionary biology, and neurobiology and behavior. As part of its primary commitment to undergraduate education, the biology department actively fosters student participation in research with its faculty as well as through cooperative arrangements with scientists at Emory University School of Medicine, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Yerkes National Primate Research Center. Biology department faculty are also heavily involved in programs leading to a PhD. These programs are housed in the Graduate Division of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, and they include faculty from several departments of Emory College and the School of Medicine.

Faculty

Chair/Director
Steven L'Hernault
P8399765
Professor

Education

  • BA, Hofstra University, 1976
  • MA, Hofstra University, 1978
  • PhD, Yale University, 1984

Department

  • Biology, Core Faculty
Director of Undergraduate Studies
Barry Yedvobnick
P2530793
Professor

Education

  • BS, State University of New York at Albany, 1973
  • PhD, University of Connecticut, 1980

Department

  • Biology, Core Faculty

Academic Interest

  • molecular genetics
Core Faculty
Rustom Antia
P7467708
Samuel Candler Dobbs Professor

Education

  • MA, Indian Institute of Technology, 1983
  • PhD, University of Massachusetts, 1990

Department

  • Biology, Core Faculty

Academic Interests

  • immunology
  • ecology
  • evolutionary biology
Christopher Beck
P7185659
Professor of Pedagogy

Education

  • BS, College of William and Mary, 1993
  • PhD, University of Georgia, 1999

Departments

  • Biology, Core Faculty
  • Neuroscience and Behavioral Biology, Associated Faculty

Academic Interest

  • ecology and evolution
Patrick Cafferty
P7371557
Lecturer

Education

  • Ph.D, McGill University , 2006
  • MSc, McGill University, 2000
  • BSc, University of New Brunswick, 1998

Department

  • Biology, Core Faculty
Ronald Calabrese
P9158923
Samuel Candler Dobbs Professor

Education

  • BS, Cornell University, 1969
  • Other, Stanford University, 1970
  • PhD, Stanford University, 1975

Departments

  • Biology, Core Faculty
  • Neuroscience and Behavioral Biology, Associated Faculty

Academic Interest

  • cellular/computational neurobiology
Kathleen Campbell
P1364373
Senior Lecturer

Education

  • Ph.D, University of Wyoming, 1984, 1984
  • BS , University of California, Santa Cruz, 1979

Department

  • Biology, Core Faculty

Academic Interest

  • genetics and microbiology
Megan Cole
P7286193
Lecturer

Education

  • PhD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2008

Department

  • Biology, Core Faculty
Victor Corces
P1054467
Arts & Sciences Distinguished Professor

Education

  • PhD, Autonoma University of Madrid,

Department

  • Biology, Core Faculty

Academic Interest

  • mechanisms that control the organization of DNA within the nucleus of eukaryotic cells
Gray Crouse
P5795680
Professor

Education

  • BS, Duke University, 1970
  • PhD, Harvard University, 1976

Department

  • Biology, Core Faculty

Academic Interest

  • genetics
Jacobus De Roode
P2835478
Assistant Professor

Education

  • MA, Wageningen University, Netherlands, 2000
  • PhD, University of Edinburgh, 2005

Department

  • Biology, Core Faculty

Academic Interest

  • understanding the evolution of parasite virulence and involves malaria as well as parasites of monarch butterflies
Roger Deal
P8342278
Assistant Professor

Education

  • Ph.D, University of Georgia, 2006
  • BS, University of South Carolina, , 1999

Department

  • Biology, Core Faculty
Arri Eisen
P0976834
Professor of Pedagogy

Education

  • BS, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 1985
  • PhD, University of Washington, 1990

Departments

  • Biology, Core Faculty
  • Institute of the Liberal Arts, Core Faculty

Academic Interest

  • molecular genetics
W. Alexander Escobar
P5140527
Senior Lecturer

Education

  • BS, University of California, Davis, 1985
  • PhD, University of California, Santa Cruz, 1992

Department

  • Biology, Core Faculty

Academic Interest

  • biochemistry and genetics
Andreas Fritz
P5578009
Associate Professor

Education

  • BA, University of Basel, 1983
  • PhD, University of Basel, 1988

Department

  • Biology, Core Faculty

Academic Interest

  • developmental biology/genetics
Nicole Gerardo
P8504280
Assistant Professor

Education

  • BA, Rice University, 1997
  • PhD, University of Texas, 2004

Department

  • Biology, Core Faculty

Academic Interest

  • microbial host-parasite interactions (recently focusing on both fungus-growing ant and aphid symbioses)
Dieter Jaeger
P7842173
Professor

Education

  • BS, Tübingen University, 1984
  • PhD, University of Michigan, 1990

Departments

  • Biology, Core Faculty
  • Neuroscience and Behavioral Biology, Associated Faculty

Academic Interest

  • computational neuroscience
William Kelly
P6910887
Associate Professor

Education

  • BS, Belmont Abbey College, 1981
  • MS, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, 1985
  • PhD, Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, 1993

Department

  • Biology, Core Faculty

Academic Interest

  • developmental biology
Paul Lennard
P3621457
Associate Professor

Education

  • BA, Washington University, 1970
  • PhD, Washington University, 1975

Departments

  • Neuroscience and Behavioral Biology, Core Faculty
  • Biology, Core Faculty
Bruce Levin
P6095087
Samuel Candler Dobbs Professor

Education

  • BS, University of Michigan, 1963
  • MS, University of Michigan, 1964
  • PhD, University of Michigan, 1967

Department

  • Biology, Core Faculty

Academic Interest

  • evolutionary biology
Steven L'Hernault
P8399765
Professor

Education

  • BA, Hofstra University, 1976
  • MA, Hofstra University, 1978
  • PhD, Yale University, 1984

Department

  • Biology, Core Faculty
Robert Liu
P1500815
Associate Professor

Education

  • BS, Stanford University, 1991
  • MS, Stanford University, 1993
  • PhD, Stanford University, 1998

Departments

  • Biology, Core Faculty
  • Neuroscience and Behavioral Biology, Associated Faculty

Academic Interest

  • computational neuroscience
John Lucchesi
P8692041
Asa Griggs Candler Professor

Education

  • AB, LaGrange College, 1955
  • MS, University of Georgia, 1958
  • PhD, University of California, Berkeley, 1963

Department

  • Biology, Core Faculty

Academic Interest

  • molecular genetics of development
Patricia Marsteller
P0863558
Professor of Practice

Education

  • BS, University of Maryland, 1969
  • MS, University of South Carolina,, 1978
  • PhD, University of Florida, 1985

Departments

  • Biology, Core Faculty
  • Neuroscience and Behavioral Biology, Associated Faculty

Academic Interests

  • biology education
  • women and minorities in science
Ilya Nemenman
P3768567
Associate Professor

Education

  • PhD, Princeton University, 2000

Departments

  • Physics, Core Faculty
  • Biology, Core Faculty
  • Neuroscience and Behavioral Biology, Associated Faculty
Gregg Orloff
P9846610
Senior Lecturer

Education

  • BS, Pennsylvania State University, 1983
  • PhD, Emory University, 1990

Department

  • Biology, Core Faculty

Academic Interest

  • cell biology and genetics
Karla Passalacqua
P7451633
Lecturer

Education

  • Ph.D, University of Michigan, 2007

Department

  • Biology, Core Faculty
Astrid Prinz
P8567402
Winship Distinguished Associate Professor

Education

  • PhD, Munich Technical University, Germany, 2000

Departments

  • Biology, Core Faculty
  • Neuroscience and Behavioral Biology, Associated Faculty

Academic Interest

  • computational neuroscience
Leslie Real
P9123544
Asa Griggs Candler Professor

Education

  • BA, Indiana University, 1972
  • MS, University of Michigan, 1975
  • PhD, University of Michigan, 1977

Department

  • Biology, Core Faculty

Academic Interest

  • ecological/evolutionary biology
Iain Shepherd
P1461218
Associate Professor

Education

  • Ph.D, University of Oxford, 1994
  • BSc (Honors), Imperial College of Science Technology and Medicine (London, UK), 1990

Departments

  • Biology, Core Faculty
  • Neuroscience and Behavioral Biology, Associated Faculty

Academic Interest

  • developmental biology
Samuel Sober
P4212732
Assistant Professor

Education

  • Ph.D, University of California, San Francisco, 2005
  • BA, Wesleyan University, 1998

Departments

  • Biology, Core Faculty
  • Neuroscience and Behavioral Biology, Associated Faculty
Rachelle Spell
P3020077
Senior Lecturer

Education

  • BS, Wake Forest University, 1987
  • PhD, Harvard University, 1993

Department

  • Biology, Core Faculty

Academic Interest

  • genetics and molecular biology
Amanda Starnes
P4776182
Senior Lecturer

Education

  • BS, James Madison University, 1987
  • Other, University of Georgia, 1991

Departments

  • Biology, Core Faculty
  • Neuroscience and Behavioral Biology, Associated Faculty

Academic Interest

  • organismal biology
Darrell Stokes
P6272562
Professor

Education

  • BA, Bemidji State College, 1964
  • MS, University of Hawaii, 1966
  • PhD, University of Hawaii, 1972

Departments

  • Biology, Core Faculty
  • Neuroscience and Behavioral Biology, Associated Faculty

Academic Interest

  • invertebrate physiology
Yun Tao
P0394991
Assistant Professor

Education

  • BS, Fudan University, 1985
  • MS, Fudan University, 1988
  • PhD, Duke University, 2000

Department

  • Biology, Core Faculty

Academic Interest

  • evolutionary biology
James Taylor
P1868811
Assistant Professor

Education

  • BS, University of Vermont, 2000
  • PhD, Penn State University, 2006

Departments

  • Biology, Core Faculty
  • Mathematics and Computer Science, Core Faculty
Barry Yedvobnick
P2530793
Professor

Education

  • BS, State University of New York at Albany, 1973
  • PhD, University of Connecticut, 1980

Department

  • Biology, Core Faculty

Academic Interest

  • molecular genetics
Shozo Yokoyama
P5114412
Asa Griggs Candler Professor

Education

  • BS, Miyazaki University, 1968
  • MS, Kyushu University, 1971
  • PhD, University of Washington, 1977

Department

  • Biology, Core Faculty

Academic Interest

  • molecular evolution
Lynn Zimmerman
P6349415
Professor and University Senior Vice-Provost

Education

  • Ph.D, University of California, Irvine,
  • BS, Wayne State University,

Department

  • Biology, Core Faculty

Courses

Biology 100-Level Courses
BIOL 120: Concepts In Biology W/Lab
General Information
Credit Hours
4
GERs
SNTL
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Principles of genetics, physiology, ecology, taxonomy, and evolution with special reference to contemporary life situations. Intended for non-science majors. This course does not fulfill requirements for medical and dental schools or for a biology major.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture and Related Component
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Lab
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
150 - 190
BIOL 141: Foundations of Modern Biol I
General Information
Credit Hours
4
GERs
SNTL
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Fall. Prerequisite or co-requisite: Chemistry 141 or 171. Major topics include: cell structure and function, cell reproduction, and Mendelian genetics. Along with Biology 142 meets the requirements for medical and dental school and the biology major.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture and Related Component
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Lab
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
150 - 190
BIOL 142: Foundations of Modern Biol II
General Information
Credit Hours
4
GERs
SNTL
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Spring. Prerequisite: Biology 141; prerequisite or co-requisite: Chemistry 142 or 172. Major topics include: molecular genetics, population genetics and evolution, cellular metabolism and photosynthesis, signal transduction and development.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture and Related Component
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Lab
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
150 - 190
BIOL 151: Intro Expermntl Biol I W/ Lab
General Information
Credit Hours
4
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Fall. Permission of instructor. Covers biochemistry and cell biology, mitosis, meiosis, genetics, and evolution. Discussion format and guided laboratory explorations will challenge the honors student. The laboratory component will focus on scientific reasoning, experimental design and guided exploration of biological phenomena.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture and Related Component
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Lab
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
150 - 190
BIOL 152: Intro Expermntl Biol II W/ Lab
General Information
Credit Hours
4
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Spring. Permission of instructor. Focuses on organismal physiology and development, behavior, and ecology. Advanced readings, inquiry-based labs, and discussion of current research will challenge the advanced student.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture and Related Component
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Lab
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
150 - 190
BIOL 160: Biology for the People
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
SNT
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

This non-majors course is designed to provide undergraduate students that are not biology majors (as well as interested majors) with an understanding of those elements of the biological and biomedical sciences, ecology, evolutionary biology, and applied statistics that are of direct importance to their lives as individuals and as citizens. For Freshmen and above. Prerequisites: None. The course will meet three times per week and will consist of lectures, discussion sections, and occasional workshops. This course will fulfill the GER for Natural Science and Math, but does not count toward the biology major.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Select Scheduled related component
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
Select contact time
Additional Course Plus Component
Select other structured components
BIOL 185: Special Topics in Biology
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
SNT
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

A course on topics of special biological interest, designed for non-majors. This course is repeatable when the topic varies.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
BIOL 185W: Special Topics in Biology
General Information
Credit Hours
4
GERs
SNTW
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

A course on topics of special biological interest, designed for non-majors. This course is repeatable when the topic varies.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Writing Requirement
Yes
BIOL 190: Freshman Seminar:Biology
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
FSEM
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Fall and spring. Freshmen only. Variable topics.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Biology 200-Level Courses
BIOL 200: Intro to Bio Research
General Information
Credit Hours
2
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
100
BIOL 205: Compar Vertebrate Anat W/Lab
General Information
Credit Hours
5
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Prerequisite: Biology 142. Comparative studies of phylogeny and anatomy of vertebrates from both an evolutionary and functional perspective. Cat and shark dissected in laboratory.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture and Related Component
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Lab
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
350 - 400
Additional Course Plus Component
Select other structured components
BIOL 206: Biology of Parasites W/Lab
General Information
Credit Hours
4
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Prerequisite: Biology 142. Protozoan, helminthic, and arthropod parasites of medical significance. Topics addressed include basic principles of parasitology, evolutionary trends, host-parasite ecological considerations, therapeutic measures, and control programs.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture and Related Component
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Lab
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
150 - 190
Additional Course Plus Component
Select other structured components
BIOL 210: Plant Biology with Lab
General Information
Credit Hours
4
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture and Related Component
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Lab
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
150 - 190
BIOL 223: Developmental Biology
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

How does a single cell embryo develop into a fully functional adult organism? In this course, we will examine the basic principles underlying development at the cellular, molecular, and organismal levels. Topics covered will include body plan development, limb development, nervous system development, sex determination and germ cell development, and cance

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Select Scheduled related component
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
Select contact time
Additional Course Plus Component
Select other structured components
BIOL 240: Organismal Form and Function
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Major topics include the biology of animals and plants, physiology, evolution, and ecology.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Select Scheduled related component
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
Select contact time
Additional Course Plus Component
Select other structured components
BIOL 241: Evolutionary Biology
General Information
Credit Hours
4
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

A study of the factors that cause genetic change and of the evolutionary consequences of such changes. Topics include population genetics, adaptation and natural selection, evolution of genes, proteins and genomes, sexual selection, kin selection, speciation, and diversification of taxa. Emphasis on molecular, genetic, ecological, and evolutionary factors related to variation and adaptation to environment, and constraints on adaption.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture and Related Component
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Recitation or discussion section
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
50 - 90
Additional Course Plus Component
Select other structured components
BIOL 247: Ecology
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
ENVS 247: Ecology
Course Description

This course provides an overview of the principles of ecology and the study of relationships between organisms and their environment. Processes and properties of individuals, populations, communities, and ecosystems will be emphasized. Lectures will emphasize active and collaborative learning. Ecology ties in all other branches of Biology (e.g., evolution, behavior, physiology, and genetics) by examining biological processes in the context of the environment in which organisms live and have evolved. There is also a separate 2 credit-hour lab (BIOL 247L/ENVS 247L or BIOL 247LW/ENVS 247LW) associated with this class. The Lab is not required.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
BIOL 247L: Ecology Laboratory
General Information
Credit Hours
2
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
ENVS 247L: Ecology Laboratory
Course Description

This is the laboratory portion of the Ecology class. Field studies will be conducted in various natural areas in Georgia, including a weekend trip to the mountains. Pre- or corequisite: Biology/ENVS 247. (This course, taken together with Biology 247, meets the upper-level laboratory requirement for the biology major and fulfills the Writing Requirement for the GERs.)

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lab
Weekly Contact Minutes
300
BIOL 247LW: Ecology Laboratory
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
WRT
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
ENVS 247LW: Ecology Laboratory
Course Description

This is the laboratory portion of the Ecology class. Field studies will be conducted in various natural areas in Georgia, including a weekend trip to the mountains. Pre- or corequisite: Biology/ENVS 247. (This course, taken together with Biology 247, meets the upper-level laboratory requirement for the biology major and fulfills the Writing Requirement for the GERs.)

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lab
Weekly Contact Minutes
300
Writing Requirement
Yes
BIOL 250: Cell Biology
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

We will explore the structure and function of cells at the molecular level. Major themes to be explored include membrane organization, protein trafficking and targeting, membrane transport, cytoskeleton structure and cell motility, cell adhesion, cell signaling, and the cell cycle. Where relevant, current medical issues associated with cellular dysfunction will be presented.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Select Scheduled related component
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
Select contact time
Additional Course Plus Component
Select other structured components
BIOL 264: Genetics: A Human Perspective
General Information
Credit Hours
4
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

This course provides a fundamental understanding of human genetics and builds on the concepts of genetics developed in Biology 142.  Topics include modern analysis of the human genome, stem cell research, immunity and cancer. Note:  Transfer students should take Biology 142 at Emory or talk with a Biology 264 instructor prior to enrolling in this class.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture and Related Component
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Recitation or discussion section
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
50 - 90
BIOL 285: Special Topics in Biology
General Information
Credit Hours
1 - 4
GERs
SNT
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
variable
BIOL 285W: Special Topics in Biology
General Information
Credit Hours
1 - 4
GERs
SNTW
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
variable
Writing Requirement
Yes
Biology 300-Level Courses
BIOL 301: Biochemistry I
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
SNT
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
CHEM 301: Biochemistry I
Course Description

Fall, spring, summer. An integrated approach to the synthesis, structure, and function of macromolecular biomolecules, including proteins, carbohydrates, DNA, and RNA. First half of a two-semester biochemistry sequence.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Additional Course Plus Component
Not Applicable
BIOL 302: Biochemistry II
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
SNT
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
CHEM 302: Biochemistry II
Course Description

Prerequisites: Biology/Chemistry 301, Chemistry 222, Biology 141. Topics will include nitrogen and fatty acid metabolism, glycolysis, and respiration. The evolution of the pathways associated with these processes will be explored.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Additional Course Plus Component
Not Applicable
BIOL 320: Animal Behavior
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
SNT
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
PSYC 320: Animal Behavior
Course Description

Structure and function of animal behavior from a comparative, evolutionary perspective.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Additional Course Plus Component
Not Applicable
BIOL 325: Primate Social Psychology
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
SNT
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
PSYC 325: Primate Social Psychology
Course Description

Recent progress in the field of primate social behavior, particularly the role of cognition in complex social strategies.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Additional Course Plus Component
Not Applicable
BIOL 329: Coastal Biology with Lab
General Information
Credit Hours
4
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Spring. Prerequisite: Biology 142 and permission of instructor. Emphasizes basic principles of coastal ecology, human impact on coastal ecosystems, and the diversity of invertebrates living in these ecosystems. Students can also take the associated lab class, which involves a ten-day laboratory/field activity at the end of spring term at St. Simons Island, Georgia.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture and Related Component
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Lab
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
150 - 190
BIOL 330: Chem Bio & Molecular Modeling
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
SNT
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
CHEM 330: Chem Bio & Molecular Modeling
Course Description

Prerequisites: Chemistry 171/172 or 221 or 221z. The course is designed to put to use what you already know about chemistry and to extend it in two directions. On the one hand, we will examine the world around us as reflected by the media, the web, and encounters in your own lives. Thus, we'll examine issues around natural and unnatural molecules, the environment, disease and society in the context of topics such as drugs, molecules for Mars, aging, AIDS, bioterrorism, and crime in the courtroom. On the other hand, we will examine these ideas by means of computer graphics, the molecular structure of small molecules and proteins, and energy.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Additional Course Plus Component
Not Applicable
BIOL 336: Human Physiology
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Prerequisite: Biology 142. A study of human physiology emphasizing integrated body functions. Topics include respiration, circulation, contractility, osmoregulation, endocrinology, and neurophysiology.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Select Scheduled related component
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
Select contact time
Additional Course Plus Component
Select other structured components
BIOL 345: Conservation Biology
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
SNT
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
BIOL 141: Foundations of Modern Biol I
BIOL 142: Foundations of Modern Biol II
ENVS 131: Intro to Environmental Studies
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
ENVS 345: Conservation Biology
Course Description

This course focuses on the conservation of biodiversity and introduces students to ways that ecological and evolutionary principles can be used to conserve and protect species and ecosystems at risk. Specific topics include the causes and consequences of biodiversity, systematics and endangered species, the demography and genetics of small populations, invasive species, habitat loss and fragmentation, design of reserves, and restoration ecology. Fulfills an ENVS Elective requirement.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Additional Course Plus Component
Not Applicable
BIOL 346L: Biomolecular Chemistry
General Information
Credit Hours
2
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
CHEM 346L: Biomolecular Chemistry
Course Description

Spring. Prerequisite/corequisite: Chemistry/Biology 301 or consent of instructor. Experiments involve analysis and characterization of the major classes of biological compounds.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lab
Weekly Contact Minutes
300
BIOL 348: Mechanisms Of Animal Behavior
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Prerequisites: Biology 142. A survey of current topics in neural development and neural basis of behavior. Emphasis is on research work that uses a combination of physiological, genetic, cellular, and molecular techniques to understand neural systems and their evolution and development.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Select Scheduled related component
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
Select contact time
Additional Course Plus Component
Select other structured components
BIOL 349: Ecology of Invasions
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
ENVS 349: Ecology of Invasions
Course Description

Prerequisites: Environmental Studies 131 or Biology 141 and 142, or permission. This course will familiarize students with principles of ecological invasions and methods for assessing the spread and impacts of invasive species on a global scale. Students will also become familiar with major sources of exotic species introductions and methods available for prevention and control. Fulfills an ENVS Elective requirement.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Additional Course Plus Component
Not Applicable
BIOL 352: Epigenetics & Human Disease
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Epigenetics is the area of research that studies heritable characteristics that are not caused by changed in the DNA sequence of an organism. It is the study of non-genetic factors that cause the organism¿s genes to behave (or ¿express themselves¿ differently in different cells and different tissues. Epigenetics can also explain why identical twins that have exactly the same DNA sequence may display differences in behavior or in susceptibility to disease. New evidence suggests that the first steps in the development of many cancers may be epigenetic rather than genetic (i.e., caused by mutations). During the semester, we will discuss the nature of epigenetic inheritance and its relation to stem cell differentiation, normal development, and disease. The class will be structured around lectures and discussions. (This course will fulfill elective credit for the Biology major.)

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Select Scheduled related component
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
Select contact time
Additional Course Plus Component
Select other structured components
BIOL 353: Genetics of Complex Traits
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Many traits of biological importance are often ¿complex¿ in that they are controlled by more than one single gene and genetic analyses of these complex traits are often sophisticated. This course will study the fundamental principles and methodology of quantitative genetics and expose students to current primary literature on current genetic analyses of complex traits such as human diseases. Prerequisites: Biology 141 and 142, Biology 341, and Math 111/112 or 115/116.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Select Scheduled related component
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
Select contact time
Additional Course Plus Component
Select other structured components
BIOL 354: Origin & Evol of Immune System
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

This course will study the origins and evolution of the immune system from different fields such as immunology, molecular biology, and evolution. Prerequisites: Biology 141 and 142.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Select Scheduled related component
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
Select contact time
Additional Course Plus Component
Select other structured components
BIOL 360: Introduction To Neurobiology
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
SNT
Variable GER
SNTL
Pre-Requisites
BIOL 142: Foundations of Modern Biol II
CHEM 141: General Chemistry I W/Lab
CHEM 142: General Chemistry II W/Lab
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
NBB 301: Introduction To Neurobiology
Course Description

An introduction to cellular and integrative neurobiology. Topics include the electrochemical and biophysical mechanisms for neuronal signaling, synaptic transmission, and the neural bases of behavior and perception. GER Note: When a student completes this course and associated lab course they will have satisfied the requirement for SNTL. Completion of this course will award SNT only. Please note that completion of this course and associate lab only completes one half of the SNT requirement.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Additional Course Plus Component
Not Applicable
BIOL 360L: Neurobiology Simulation Lab
General Information
Credit Hours
2
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
BIOL 141: Foundations of Modern Biol I
BIOL 142: Foundations of Modern Biol II
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
NBB 301L: Neurobiology Simulation Lab
Course Description

This course will explore topics in cellular and small network neuroscience by performing virtual electrophysiology experiments on the computer. The content of the course matches material covered in Biology 360/NBB 301 and will help students understand neurons and neuronal networks in greater depth. This course should be taken concurrently with, or after Biology 360/NBB 301. (This course, taken together with Biology 360/NBB 301, meets the upper-level laboratory requirement for the biology major and will count as elective credit for the Biology and NBB majors.) GER Note: When this course and its associated lecture course are completed, students will satisfy the SNTL requirement.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lab
Weekly Contact Minutes
300
BIOL 361: Ecosystems Through Time
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
ENVS 361: Ecosystems Through Time
Course Description

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
BIOL 365: Controversial Science
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

[Prior to Fall 2010, this course carried the number BIOL 385.]

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Select Scheduled related component
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
Select contact time
Additional Course Plus Component
Select other structured components
BIOL 370: Introduction To Microbiology
General Information
Credit Hours
4
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Prerequisite: Biology 142. Introduction to the concepts of microbial physiology, biochemistry, genetics, and evolution.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture and Related Component
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Recitation or discussion section
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
50 - 90
Additional Course Plus Component
Select other structured components
BIOL 370L: Intro to Microbiology Lab
General Information
Credit Hours
2
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Introduction to basic laboratory techniques in microbiology. Experiments dealing with the physiology, biochemistry, genetics, and molecular biology of microbes will be included. Prerequisites: Biology 141 and 142. Biology 370, taken concurrently or previously, is also required. (This course meets the upper-level laboratory requirement and will count as elective credit for the Biology major.)

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lab
Weekly Contact Minutes
300
Scheduled Related Component
Select Scheduled related component
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
Select contact time
Additional Course Plus Component
Select other structured components
BIOL 371: Ecology Of The Tropics
General Information
Credit Hours
2
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
ENVS 371: Ecology of the Tropics
Course Description

Explores the diverse biomes of the tropics. Focus will be on tropical forests and grasslands, with an emphasis on ecological processes, biodiversity, human impact in the tropics, indigenous peoples, and ethnobotany.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
100
BIOL 372: Ecology Tropics Field Course
General Information
Credit Hours
2
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
ENVS 372: Ecology Tropics Field Course
Course Description

Spring. Credit, two hours. Pre- or co-requisite: Biology/Environmental Studies 371. Permission required. This is the field course to accompany the lecture course on tropical ecology. Field trip will take place during the spring recess.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Experiential
Weekly Contact Minutes
300
BIOL 385: Special Topics in Biology
General Information
Credit Hours
1 - 4
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
variable
Scheduled Related Component
Select Scheduled related component
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
Select contact time
Additional Course Plus Component
Select other structured components
BIOL 385W: Special Topics in Biology
General Information
Credit Hours
1 - 4
GERs
WRT
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
variable
Writing Requirement
Yes
Biology 400-Level Courses
BIOL 402: Neuroscience Live
General Information
Credit Hours
4
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Prerequisite/co-requisite: Biology 360/NBB 301. Recent research publications by Emory neuroscientists will be read and discussed in preparation for talks by the authors in class. Writing assignments will accompany this work. WRT

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Recitation or discussion section
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
50 - 90
Additional Course Plus Component
Select other structured components
BIOL 415: Cancer Biology And Oncogenes
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Prerequisites: Biology 142, Chemistry 221, and Math 111. The biological mechanisms regulating cell growth, differentiation, and migration will be examined through a focus on the mechanisms by which cancers grow and spread.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
BIOL 430: Human Genome Project & Disease
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Prerequisite: Biology 142. Course covers human genome projects. Geared toward developing independent thinking through solving human genetic problems and critically reviewing literature on human diseases.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Select Scheduled related component
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
Select contact time
Additional Course Plus Component
Select other structured components
BIOL 440: Animal Communication
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
BIOL 142: Foundations of Modern Biol II
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
PSYC 440: Animal Communication
Course Description

Functions, evolution, ecology, and significance of animal communication systems in a wide taxonomic range, from insects to primates.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Seminar
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Additional Course Plus Component
Not Applicable
BIOL 440W: Animal Communication
General Information
Credit Hours
4
GERs
WRT
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
BIOL 142: Foundations of Modern Biol II
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
PSYC 440: Animal Communication
Course Description

Functions, evolution, ecology, and significance of animal communication systems in a wide taxonomic range, from insects to primates.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Seminar
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Additional Course Plus Component
Not Applicable
Writing Requirement
Yes
BIOL 441: Molecular Biol & Evol Genetics
General Information
Credit Hours
4
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Prerequisite: Biology 142. Course covers population genetics, molecular evolution, and genomics. Geared toward developing independent thinking by solving molecular biology and evolutionary genetics problems in natural populations.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture and Related Component
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Recitation or discussion section
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
50 - 90
Additional Course Plus Component
Select other structured components
BIOL 450: Computational Neuroscience
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Prerequisites: Biology 360 or IBS 502 or equivalent. Exploration of single neurons and biological neural networks with computer simulations. Each class consists of an introductory lecture followed by computer tutorials using the GENESIS software under UNIX. Specific topics include passive cable theory, compartmental modeling, voltage-gated and synaptic conductances, motor pattern generation, and cortical networks.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Select Scheduled related component
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
Select contact time
Additional Course Plus Component
Select other structured components
BIOL 455: Immunology and Disease
General Information
Credit Hours
4
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Prerequisite: Biology 142. The basic principles of immunology, the causes of pathogenesis during the course of infection with microparasites, and the limitations to the understanding of infectious diseases (such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria) caused by viruses, bacteria, and unicellular eukaryotes.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture and Related Component
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Recitation or discussion section
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
50 - 90
BIOL 460: Building Brains
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
BIOL 142: Foundations of Modern Biol II
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
NBB 460: Building Brains
Course Description

Explores our current understanding of the mechanisms that regulate development of the nervous system. Topics covered include neurogenesis, axon guidance, programmed cell death, and synapse formation.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Additional Course Plus Component
Not Applicable
BIOL 463: Pop Biol & Evolutn Of Disease
General Information
Credit Hours
4
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Prerequisite: Biology 142. Application of basic principles of population genetics and population biology to the study of infectious diseases, aging, and cancer.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture and Related Component
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Recitation or discussion section
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
50 - 90
BIOL 475: Biology Of The Eye
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Prerequisite: Biology 142. A course designed for juniors, seniors, and graduate students who are interested in a basic understanding of the eye. This course will review basic principles and state-of-the-art information on ocular anatomy, embryology, biochemistry, physiology, genetics, immunology, microbiology, pharmacology, and pathology.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
Scheduled Related Component
Select Scheduled related component
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
Select contact time
Additional Course Plus Component
Select other structured components
BIOL 480: Modeling Biological Systems
General Information
Credit Hours
3
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
Biology 142
None
Co-Requisites
Biology 480L
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Prerequisite: Biology 142. Will cover the construction and analysis of mathematical models of cellular and population processes in biology.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
150
BIOL 480L: Modeling Biological Syst - Lab
General Information
Credit Hours
1
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Credit, one hour. This laboratory course must be taken concurrently with the lecture course Biology 480.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lab
Weekly Contact Minutes
175
Scheduled Related Component
Select Scheduled related component
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
Select contact time
Additional Course Plus Component
Select other structured components
BIOL 485: Special Topics in Biology
General Information
Credit Hours
1 - 4
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
variable
Scheduled Related Component
Select Scheduled related component
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
Select contact time
Additional Course Plus Component
Select other structured components
BIOL 485W: Special Topics in Biology
General Information
Credit Hours
1 - 4
GERs
WRT
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Lecture
Weekly Contact Minutes
variable
Writing Requirement
Yes
BIOL 495A: Honors Research
General Information
Credit Hours
4
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Fall, spring, summer. Credit four hours. Prerequisite: consent of departmental honors coordinator. Independent research for students invited to participate in the biology department Honors Program.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Independent Honors research
Weekly Contact Minutes
300
BIOL 495BW: Honors Research
General Information
Credit Hours
1 - 8
GERs
WRT
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Fall, spring, summer. Prerequisite: consent of departmental honors coordinator. Final semester of independent research for students invited to participate in the biology department Honors Program. WR is satisfied by submission and acceptance of completed honors thesis based on this research.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Independent Honors research
Weekly Contact Minutes
variable
Writing Requirement
Yes
BIOL 497R: Supervised Reading
General Information
Credit Hours
1 - 4
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Credit, one to four hours per semester. Prerequisite: permission of instructor.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Directed study
Weekly Contact Minutes
variable
Scheduled Related Component
Select Scheduled related component
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
Select contact time
Additional Course Plus Component
Select other structured components
BIOL 499R: Undergraduate Research
General Information
Credit Hours
1 - 4
GERs
None
Variable GER
None
Pre-Requisites
None
Co-Requisites
None
Cross-Listed
None
Course Description

Credit, one to four hours per semester. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Research participation open to juniors and seniors.

Contact Hour Information
Course Type
Undergraduate research
Weekly Contact Minutes
variable
Scheduled Related Component
Select Scheduled related component
Weekly Contact Minutes in Related Component
Select contact time
Additional Course Plus Component
Select other structured components

Honors Program

Students who maintain a grade average of 3.5 or higher may qualify for a degree with honors. Honors students must take Biology 495A and 495B, complete a research project, and write and defend an honors thesis based on this research. They must also take one graduate course. See "Honors Program" under the College Curriculum section.

See "Honors Program" under the curriculum section of the catalog and consult the department for further details.

For more information, see Honors Program | Academic Policies & Regulations.